As a result of the lockdown in South Africa, 14% of construction companies permanently shut their doors, according to a survey by Statistics South Africa released in May 2020. Around the same time, Deloitte also predicted that construction companies with high levels of debt and low cash reserves may face a liquidity crisis and that smaller businesses or subcontractors may fail rapidly due to the impact of the COVID-19.
It is for this reason that the Building Industry Bargaining Council (BIBC) took action and rolled out initiatives to assist small businesses in the construction industry to stay afloat and keep their staff employed during this time.
Pearl Pugin, secretary of the BIBC says that the biggest challenges that smaller construction companies in the industry faced were retaining employees during and after the hard lockdown when the industry came to a standstill. “The massive failure of the UIF Temporary Employer-Employee Relief Scheme (TERS) also made things very difficult for these businesses to ensure that they could keep their doors open.”
Keeping cash flowing
One such business owner that felt the crunch as a result of this was John Slingsby, Director of Slingsby & Gaidien (Pty) Ltd, a medium sized construction company that has built a range of projects for both the Private and Public sector. “When the lockdown period was being extended beyond the initial couple of weeks, we became concerned about how we would pay our sixty wage-earner staff members who would receive no income for this period due to their being no work. Fortunately, thanks to the BIBC and the Master Builders Association Western Cape lobbying government regarding UIF Ters payments, our company was paid out and we were able to retain our employees.
Another way to make up for this halt in cash flow, compliant employers who purchased leave benefits towards the funding of the builders’ holiday period requested to have these funds released before December 2020. According to Pugin, this request made sense as some small business owners were digging into their own personal funds to assist with basic provisions like food for their employees. “The BIBC Operations Team was then tasked to implement this at very short notice and the funds were paid out to all employees for whom benefits had been duly paid at the end of March 2020.”
Making up for time lost
In the building industry, a two month suspension of work introduces so many complexities as building contracts are suspended. “However, the multitude of complementary industries and activities that are covered in the BIBC collective agreement, gave us a good sense of what the challenges would be when the industry reopened partially under Alert Level 3 and eventually with most businesses able to return under Alert Level 2,” says Pugin.
As such, during the lockdown, she explained that the parties to Council which is made up by trade unions and employer associations worked hard to negotiate an agreement that would allow a return to work under these exceptional circumstances. “This innovative agreement included provisions for businesses to apply to increase overtime, to work additional hours from Monday to Saturday at normal-time rates and also provided a formal application process for firms to work during the 2020/2021 traditional builders’ holiday period, in order to complete building projects. This initiative created an enabling environment for the employer to “claw back” lost time and costs, incurred during the periods of the hard-lockdown at levels 5 & 4, and also provided the employees with the opportunity to recoup lost earnings and to replenish depleted benefits, due to the interim-distribution of benefit payouts made by the Council to qualifying employees, at the end of March.
Putting employees first
Pugin says that the parties to Council met to consider how to assist the industry, immediately after the ‘hard’ lockdown was announced. The outcome of these discussions was to apply for Retirement Fund rule changes with the Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA) to allow for a premium holiday to be offered to all compliant employers and their employees who are registered with the BIBC. “Ably assisted by SIMEKA on behalf of SANLAM, this objective was finally met through the hard work of the BIBC Retirement Fund Board of Trustees in mid-October 2020.”
“As many smaller businesses are ‘labour-only’ subcontractors, the legal suspension of their responsibility to contribute towards their employees’ retirement funds will have a significant impact on their wage bill. As such, the businesses we spoke to were relieved to be given this space to recover from the devastating effect of COVID-19,” she adds.
Commenting on the assistance provided by the BIBC, Slingsby says the Council greatly assists both the employees and employers in our industry. “They are really an extension of our company’s human resources department. As an employer, we enjoy a “level playing field” when tendering against other contractors and stability amongst our workforce. For employees, benefits are ensured and exploitation is avoided.”
“Compliant employers in the building industry have access to a collective bargaining system that works for them. None of these initiatives would have been possible without a committed Council who hear the plight of both employers and employees and respond. I am exceptionally proud to play a small part in a Bargaining council that truly lives its motto of ‘Caring for the People in our Industry’,” concludes Pugin.